After gaining its independence, Georgia defined as one of its priorities the formation of a national system for intellectual property protection, which was reflected in the constitution and relevant legislative acts of the country. Georgia was the first of the former Soviet republics to create its national patent service Sakpatenti in 1992, which later on was transformed into the National Intellectual Property Center. In the course of time all the major fields of intellectual property were fully consolidated under Sakpatenti’s mandate: industrial property, copyright and related rights, new varieties of plants and breeds of animals.
Sakpatenti is the National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia which is a governmental agency – a legal entity of public law. In accordance with the Georgian legislation, Sakpatenti determines the policy in the field of intellectual property. It is the governmental entity where the trademarks are registered locally and abroad. Sakpatenti cooperates closely with various offices and organizations on issues related to intellectual property protection. Over the past years Sakpatenti has developed into the patent information center of the country; its library includes a rich collection of IP documentation of different countries and international organizations.
Georgia is also a member of all main conventions and international agreements on intellectual property protection and is a party to a number of bilateral international treaties such as the Madrid Protocol Treaty. It is also a member State of the World Trade Organization, and a signatory to the Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual Properties (TRIPs), as well as a member of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Regulations on trademarks in Georgia is set under the Law of Georgia on Copyright and Neighboring Rights, Law of Georgia on Patents, Law of Georgia on Design, Law of Georgia on Trademarks and Law of Georgia on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Signs. The current legislation is in full harmony with international standards, namely, it is in line with the requirements of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) administered by the World Trade Organization and is also compatible with the European Union legislation.